By: Sagher Mahmood Bajwa

By merely taking a small glance around us, or by simply turning on the News channel, we can all very quickly agree to conclude that the world is in turmoil. Today, more than ever before, we are in dire need of divine guidance. Christians turn to the Bible, Hindus to the Vedas, and Muslims will go to the Holy Quran. But how can we be so sure which scripture is pure guidance from the Lord of all the worlds? What are the pre-requisites that a book must meet in order to be deemed the word of God? Well, first and foremost, the scripture must claim to be from God. Next, the book must remain free from any human alteration. Then, its teachings must be examined through the scrutinizing lens of perfection. This is a simplified three step process that a person can use to determine a scriptures divine origin. This article will briefly examine how The Holy Quran has proven to meet each of these conditions.

The Holy Quran’s Claim of being God Sent

If a book doesn’t claim and prove to be from God in its own text, then how can we even begin to discuss its divine origin? The Holy Quran is the only religious scripture claiming to be from God and then conjointly supports it with proofs. The Promised Messiah, founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) explains:

“This eternal light (ie. Quran), itself declared to be from God and provided proofs from every aspect. One magnificent characteristic in it is, that it claims perfection and grandeur to all its guidance, and itself provides proofs for all its claims. This glory has not been bestowed to any other book.”[1]

The Holy Quran repeatedly declares to be God sent, for example:

اِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَزَّلۡنَا الذِّکۡرَ وَ اِنَّا لَہٗ لَحٰفِظُوۡنَ

Verily, We Ourself have sent down this Exhortation, and most surely, We will be its Guardian.[2]

This is merely one example out of several more mentioned throughout the Holy Quran: (10:38), (52:34). (69:40-42), (55:3), (29:52), (44:4). In this verse, after claiming its divine origin, the Holy Quran substantiated it by prophesizing that it will forever be protected. This is also a quality unique to the Holy Quran. Unlike the Bible and the Vedas, the Holy Quran is the only scripture in the world which is completely pure of human corruption.

[1] Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 9, Minan ur Rahman, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as), Page 128, 1984 Edition

[2] The Holy Quran, 15:10

 

Free of Human Interpolation

Moving forward, the next step in our assessment is its remaining pure of human intrusion. This rule has actually been established by Allah in the Quran Himself. He sates:

اَفَلَا یَتَدَبَّرُوۡنَ الۡقُرۡاٰنَ ؕ وَ لَوۡ کَانَ مِنۡ عِنۡدِ غَیۡرِ اللّٰہِ لَوَجَدُوۡا فِیۡہِ اخۡتِلَافًا کَثِیۡرًا

Will they not, then, meditate upon the Qur’an? Had it been from anyone other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradiction.[1]

So, it is vital that a divine scripture remain pure of human alteration. This vital condition is met by the Holy Quran and it is mentioned in the words “and most surely, We will be its Guardian.” God Himself vowed the guardianship of the Holy Quran. Thus, He established four main methods for the preservation of the Holy Quran:

  1. By way of Huffaz (those who commit the Quran to memory) who preserved the divine words and order of the revealed verses. Since the life of the Prophet Muhammad (SA), thousands of mothers have given birth to Huffaz in every century.
  2. By way of great scholars in every era who had been blessed with great religious intellect. They understood the Holy Quran and in light of the Ahadith, they wrote thousands of pages of commentary and further strengthened the authentication of this divine text.
  3. By way of great Islamic advocates in every century who protected the teachings of the Holy Quran from being influenced by modern philosophical views.
  4. By way of Muslim saints, who in every era protected the miracles of the Holy Quran from external accusations.[2]

People hasten to conclude that the Holy Quran was not preserved until the Khilafat of Hadrat Abu Bakr (ra). However, we cannot ignore that this process was actually put in to place by the Prophet Muhammad (sa) himself. The Holy Quran was committed to memory by the Holy Prophet (sa) and nearly all his companions as well. As a further act of preservation, he also had instructed for it to be written. Zaid bin Thabit (ra) was the Prophet (sa)’s personal scribe and had been entrusted the task of recording fresh Quranic revelation. In addition to him, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Zubair bin Al-Awwam , Sharjil bin

[1] The Holy Quran, 4:83

[2] Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 14, Ayam us Sulh, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as), Page 288

 

Hasanah, Abdullah bin Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with them all) and many others also rendered this service. Abdullah bin Abbas (ra) and Hadrat Uthman bin Affan (ra) both narrate that when Allah would reveal verses of the Holy Quran upon the Holy Prophet (sa), he would instruct exactly where to place it and in which chapter. In this manner, the Holy Prophet (sa) would arrange the various chapters himself. And so, the Holy Quran was written, compiled and ultimately preserved under the direct guidance of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa).

This promise of the Holy Quran still stands firm after fourteen hundred years. The very fact that we find no other versions of the Quran anywhere in the world is a glaring proof of its divine protection. Friends and foes alike, the historical and theological academia are all in agreement with the Quran’s authenticity. In fact, renowned historian and staunch critic of Islam, Sir William Muir has written:

“There is probably in the world no other work which has remained twelve centuries with so pure a text.”[1]

Unparalleled Teachings

If a scripture is from God, then it should certainly be as perfect as its author. This is why it is crucial to examine the quality of text within the Quran. The Holy Quran itself puts forth a challenge to all those in doubt regarding its divine origin:

وَ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ فِیۡ رَیۡبٍ مِّمَّا نَزَّلۡنَا عَلٰی عَبۡدِنَا فَاۡتُوۡا بِسُوۡرَۃٍ مِّنۡ مِّثۡلِہٖ ۪ وَ ادۡعُوۡا شُہَدَآءَکُمۡ مِّنۡ دُوۡنِ اللّٰہِ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ صٰدِقِیۡنَ

And if you are in doubt as to what We have sent down to Our servant, then produce a Chapter like it, and call upon your helpers beside Allah, if you are truthful.[2]

The subject of incomparable brilliance of the Quran has been dealt with at four other places in the Holy Quran i.e. 10:39, 11:14, 17:89, and 52:34. Since these challenges were announced, no one has been able to come forth and produce a book so versatile in content and rich in quality.

The Promised Messiah (as) laid great stress upon this, he writes:

[1] Life of Mohamet, William Muir, 1878 Edition

[2] The Holy Quran, 2:24

 

“If anyone could find fault with the teachings of the Holy Quran even to the extent of a thousand part of an atom or could prove the worth of any of his own books in comparison with the Holy Quran and which teaching may be contrary to and be better than the teaching of the Quran, we would gladly be willing to accept even the capital punishment for us.”[1]

Following the 17:89 challenge, God states:

And surely, We have set forth for mankind in various ways all kinds of similitudes in this Qur’an[2]

Thus, according to this verse, if someone is in doubt of the Quran’s divine origin, then let him or her produce a book, which like the Quran possesses:

  1. Light on every essential subject pertaining to religion
  2. Exhaustive discussion on all subject matter, offering detailed guidance on every subject.
  3. No evil and only goodness
  4. Not only goodness of any particular people or community but caters to the well-being of all mankind. Containing guidance for all temperaments and dispositions as well as for all circumstances and conditions.[3]

All unbiased intellectuals, after their meticulous study of the Holy Quran, have reached this conclusion, that the Quran cannot be the work of man. Dr. Maurice Bucaille was a renowned French surgeon, raised as a Christian. In his book, The Bible, the Quran and Science, he wrote:

“In view of the state of knowledge in Muhammad’s day, it is inconceivable that many of the statements in the Quran which are connected with science could have been the work of a man. It is, moreover, perfectly legitimate, not only to regard the Quran as the expression of a Revelation, but also to award it a very special place on account of the guarantee of authenticity it provides and the presence in it of scientific statements which, when studied today, appear as a challenge to explanation in human terms.”[4]

Thus, after this brief analysis, we can sufficiently conclude that the Quran, unlike any other scripture in the world remains free from all blemishes that would taint its divine origin. And well, in the words of the Quran itself, And if you are in doubt as to what We have sent down to Our servant, then produce a Chapter like it, and call upon your helpers beside Allah, if you are truthful.”

[1] Brahine Ahmadiyya, P. 262, Footnote 2

[2] The Holy Quran, 7:90

[3] Five Volume Commentary, Mirza Bashir ud Din Mahmood Ahmad (ra), Islam International Publications Limited

[4] The Bible The Quran and Science, Dr. Maurice Bucaille, Page 177